Originating in Germany, the Doberman Pinscher is a popular dog breed across the world and is known for its looks, temperament, and great obedience. Karl Friedrich Louis Doberman, a German breeder, developed this breed.
The modern Doberman Pinscher is an elegant, sleek dog that has a flat skull with a long head and muzzle. Their brown eyes are almond-shaped and the high set ears are either naturally folded down or cropped and erect. The coat is smooth and short with varieties of colors such as red/tan, black/tan, blue, or fawn. A male Doberman weighs about 70-90 pounds and reaches a height of 26-28 inches, whereas a female weighs about 50-70 pounds with a height of 24-26 inches.
History of Doberman
Louis Dobermann developed his breed in the late 1800s; he was a tax collector and wanted a powerful guard dog. It is believed that the breed was created from several breeds of herding dogs. This fierce dog has come a long way and today Doberman is a wonderful guard dog.
Life Stages of Doberman
Doberman dog goes through following life stages
The time from birth to two weeks is known as the neonatal period. During this time, the puppy only drinks, sleeps, and stays warm. Ears and eyes are still closed, but the sense of touch and smell develops. It is essential to pick up the puppy every day so that the pup gets familiar with the human scent.
The transitional period runs from two weeks to three weeks old. The ears and eyes open, and the puppy can stand and walk better as well as start wagging its tail. Their eyes open after 19 days, and teeth develop after 20 days.
First Socialization Period
The period runs from three weeks to twelve weeks. It is a crucial phase in which a puppy learns everything. They start socializing during this time.
Second Socialization Period
Spreading over twelve weeks to six months, puppies learn a lot during this period. However, the foundation, i.e., the first socialization period, should be strong. Puppies also fear many things and thus it is necessary to protect them during this stage.
Puberty period runs from six months to two years. A male dog learns to lift their legs, and females may begin to start their heat cycle. The bones will grow fully in about 18 months, and muscles develop further.
A fully grown adult, after two to three years, falls under this category. In this stage, teaching new things becomes difficult, and the learning process requires more patience.
Life Expectancy of Doberman
The life expectancy of Doberman is around seven years to ten years and is also dependent on the dog’s size. During old age, the body becomes less active, and behavioral changes occur. So it is important to keep the dog active as much as possible. It is said that the oldest Doberman in the world was 22 years and was present in Berlin, however, there is no documentation available to prove this claim.
Health Problems of Doberman
Von Willebrand's disease
It is a commonly occurring bleeding disorder inherited by this breed where the blood-clotting system works abnormally, similarly to a person with hemophilia. Surgical procedures on dogs suffering from this disease can result in uncontrolled bleeding that can be fatal.
This condition leads to enlargement of the heart muscle and makes it progressively weaker, resulting in heart failure. There are some early signs including coughing, depression, weakness, exercise intolerance, respiratory distress, weakness, fainting, and decreased appetite. For this, routine vet examinations are extremely important. However, this is an incurable disease, and once the clinical symptoms appear, the dog usually dies within six months.
It is the most common endocrine problem found in a Doberman. The disease is caused when an insufficient amount of thyroid hormone is produced. The symptoms include energy loss and recurrent infections. Obesity and hair loss may also occur.
Color Dilute Alopecia
This disease refers to poor and patchy coat. The hair follicles become dysplastic eventually and result in a variety of fur and skin problems.
When intervertebral disks in the neck become unstable, the pressure increases on the spinal cord, resulting in neck pain. Anti-inflammatory therapy and rest give relief.
Dancing Doberman Syndrome
The syndrome can develop between the age of six months to seven years. The dog initially straightens and flexes a leg and eventually, the other hind leg while standing. While walking, the gait remains normal. This syndrome spreads slowly, making the hind legs weaker.
Are Dobermans and Miniature Pinscher the same?
No, Miniature Pinschers and Dobermans are separate breeds. However, Miniature Pinschers resemble a smaller version of Dobermans. Many think that the min pin was bred for a smaller-sized Doberman.